Federal Skilled Trades Program(FSTP)The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), launched in 2013, is one of the programs under which one can apply for Express Entry Program for the purpose of getting permanent residence (PR) in Canada. It is a category under which suitably skilled tradespeople can apply for PR in Canada. FSTP is different from FWSP in the sense that it gives more importance to practical training and work experience in a particular skill, whereas FWSP attaches more importance to a formal education. But in case an FSTP applicant has a Canadian or foreign (duly certified by ECA report) educational qualification, it would help get him more points during ranking of his profile. The demographic and professional profile of Canada’s population makes FSTP an important tool to ensure that skilled trades are adequately represented in the Canadian workforce through the selection of the correctly skilled immigrants
As of now, there is an annual cap of 3000 applicants, and 17 occupations (which have only moderate demand in the market) have a sub-cap of 100 each. Additionally, there are many health, safety and security guidelines which must be fulfilled by an applicant.
There are several factors which are considered to decide if a particular applicant is eligible to apply under FSTP. The first thing is to check whether the applicant has an existing job offer in Canada or a provincial/territorial qualification in a particular skilled trade.
Next is the level of proficiency in languages. Compared to FSWP, the threshold is a bit lower for FSTP, and a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level of 5 is mandatory for speaking and listening skills, and a CLB level 4 is required for reading and writing skills.
For work experience, an applicant must refer to the list of 43 priority occupations listed under the guidelines, and see if his skill falls under any of them, in which case he would be eligible to apply, if he has suitable work experience in that trade for at least 2 out of the last 5 years. Additionally, there are licensing requirements that the applicant must meet in order to be eligible.
One thing that applicants need to keep in mind is that they would be agreeing to live and work outside Quebec province of Canada when they apply for Express Entry through the FSTP program. The province of Quebec has its separate program, and admits its skilled tradesmen separately through that program.